When the blood flow is cut or diminished, an event named as stroke happens; this event prevents the brain tissue to take oxygen and nutrition. This may occur as a result of the blockage in brain vessels or brain hemorrhage.
This situation causes the rapid death of brain cells within minutes. If this situation which threatens life and causes the losses in daily activities is cured rapidly, some various body function losses caused by the brain damage and paralysis can be prevented. Memorial Şişli Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department Chair Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar made significant suggestions for the patients with stroke-paralysis.
Symptoms of stroke (paralysis)
Stroke (paralysis) is known as a life-threatening situation which occurs when the blood flow is cut. The symptoms of paralysis brain can be classified as:
- Weakness in face muscles, asymmetrical smile, looseness on the margin of eye and mouth
- Weakness or numbness in arm and leg,
- Speech disturbance,
- Difficulty in understanding the sayings,
- Loss of consciousness
Causes of stroke (paralysis)
Like all of the organs, brain also needs the oxygen and nutrients provided by blood to operate properly. If the blood flow is restricted or ceased, the brain cells start to die. This may cause brain damage, disability and probably, death.
There are 2 main reasons of stroke:
Ischemic stroke: This is the blockage of the vessel which nurtures the brain because of vessel stiffness or blood clot and cease of the blood flow. 85% of all stroke cases are ischemic.
Hemorrhagic stroke: Named as brain hemorrhage, this situation occurs as a result of a rupture and bleeding of a weak vessel which nurtures the brain.
How to reduce the risk of stroke?
High blood pressure, high cholesterol, irregular heartbeat, diabetes and unhealthy nutrition habits are among the factors which increase the risk of stroke. This factors can encourage inflammation in body, especially in arteria. In order to reduce the risk of inflammation and stroke, the following steps should be helpful:
Reduce stress: Chronic stress increases the inflammation in body and can make any case which cause stroke serious. So, stress and stroke have a connection. To reduce stress also helps to reduce the unhealthy inflammation in body. Psychotherapy and meditation can be helpful to reduce stress.
Manage bad cholesterol with diet: High cholesterol is among the main reasons of stroke. Although we should have some cholesterol to be healthy, so much LDL (bad cholesterol) may cause inflammation in arteries. It is possible to prevent this situation with controlling the cholesterol level and reduce the amount of saturated fats if your bad cholesterol is high.
Consume plant-based foods: The importance of a plant-based diet is being recognized more day by day. It is important to consume the nutrients like tomatoes, olive oil, leaf vegetables, almond, walnut, strawberry, huckleberry and orange.
Have a good sleep: Lastly, having 7-9 hours of sleep daily to reduce the risk of inflammation and stroke is important. Too much or too little sleep may cause inflammation in body.
Make exercise regularly!
Following these steps may help to prevent many chronic diseases, including stroke.
Treatment of Stroke
At the moment when the symptoms of stroke appear, the nearest comprehensive health institution should be consulted. A specialist doctor may recommend a rapid tomography or diffusion-weighted MR (MRI) to be taken after the examination. When the diagnosis of stroke is made, the treatment process begins.
The patients may be hospitalized at the intensive care, neurology or brain surgery departments according to the cause and severity of the stroke. In this process, medical or interventional treatments are applied. The cause of the stroke is accurately detected and the needed drug therapies are started to prevent the repetition.
After this process, the physical therapy and rehabilitation process is started as inpatient or ambulatory. The physical therapy and rehabilitation applications in the stroke treatment may be defined as neuro-rehabilitation applications.
Neuro-Rehabilitation in Stroke Treatment
Comprehensive neuro-rehabilitation applications can be ensured with the combination of many elements like physiotherapy, Ergotherapy robotic rehabilitation, speech and swallowing therapy and psychosocial support. Following the first days of the stroke, the patient should be taken a comprehensive physical therapy program after the life-threatening danger has been averted. The examination and a treatment program according to the needs of the patient are initiated by a Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation specialist.
Prepared by the Medical Editorial Board. Our health library contents have been prepared for informational purposes only and with the scientific content on the registration date. For all your questions, concerns, diagnosis or treatment about your health, please consult your doctor or health institution.